In text, references should be cited by the last name of the author and
the year of publication, all in parentheses. The Reference List
should be organized alphabetically by the name of the author, followed
by the author's initials, year of publication, and other complete information
about the published work. It may not be numbered. Only references
that may be readily obtained should be cited in the list. Others may be
referred to as "personal communication" in the text. In the reference list,
multiple entries with the same author are arranged chronologically.
Italicize the name of the publication in which the article is found, or
the title itself if a separate publication. For laboratory, company, or
government reports, all information on how to obtain the report should
be included. For Ph.D. and M.S. theses, the institutions granting
the degree should be given. References to proceedings must include the
full name of the proceedings, how to obtain it, year of publication, and
page numbers of article cited. A reference to part of a book must include
the range of pages in which the material is cited. Names of periodicals
must be written out in full, and the range of pages cited.
Reference in a Text
(Smith 1978) -- one author
(Jones and Miller 1983) -- two authors
(Arthur et al. 1985) -- more than two authors
(Andrews 1982a) -- a trailing lowercase letter should distinguish multiple
papers by the same author(s) published during a single year.
(Dijkstra 1972; Hoare et al. 1980; Smith and Kim 1984b) -- more references
The Reference List
Felker, D.B.; F. Pickering; V.R. Holland; and W.L. Harper. 1980. Data
Processing Documentation Standards, Procedures and Applications. Prentice-Hall,
Englewood Cliffs, N.J.
for a book (Felker et al. 1980)
Balci O. and R.G. Sargent. 1983. ?Validation of Multivariate Response Trace-Driven
Simulation Models?. In Performance 1983, A.K. Agrawalla and S.K.
Tripathi (Eds.). North-Holland, Amsterdam, 309-323.
for a book chapter (Balci and Sargent 1983)
Balci, O. and R.G. Sargent. 1981. ?A Methodology for Cost-Risk Analysis
in the Statistical Validation of Simulation Models.? Communications
of the ACM 24, No.4 (Apr), 190-197.
in a journal (Balci and Sargent 1981)
Gass, S.L. 1978. ?Computer Model Documentation?. In Proceedings of the
1978 Winter Simulation Conference (Miami Beach, FL, Dec.4-6).
IEEE, Picataway, N.J., 281-287.
in a conference proceedings (Gass 1978)
Zhu W. 2001. ?Experimental Study of Influence of Model Characteristics
on the Performance of Parallel Discrete Event Simulation?. Thesis, Free
University of Brussels.
for a thesis or PhD (Zhu 2001)
National Bureau of Standards. 1976. Guidelines for Documentation of
Computer Programs and Automated Data Systems. Federal Information Processing
Standards Publication 38. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
for a special publication (National Bureau of Standards 1976)
Balci O. 1985. ?Guidelines for Successful Simulation Studies?. Technical
report TR-85-2. Department of Computer Science, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg,
for a technical report (Balci 1985)
Inglehart, D.L. and G.S. Shedler. 1983. "Simulation Output Analysis for
Local Areas Computer Networks." Research Report RJ 4020 (45068), Research
Division, IBM, San Jose, CA (Sep).
for an internal report (Inglehart and Shedler 1983)